the temperature still feels like summer, now is the time for Southern
California gardeners to plant cool season vegetables for a spring harvest, say
experts at Agromin, an Oxnard-based manufacturer of earth-friendly soil
products made from organic material collected from more than 50 California
Prepare Soil for Fall Garden: After the spring and summer
growing season, garden soil needs a pick-me-up. Remove nonproducing vegetable
plants, loosen the garden soil and mix in a two-inch layer of organic compost.
This is particularly important if the garden has clay or sandy soil. This will
get your garden ready for fall planting.
Additions to Your Vegetable Garden: Some vegetables thrive in cooler weather.
After your summer vegetables have run their course, plant peas, fava beans,
kale, leeks beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, radish, carrots, celery,
potatoes and winter zucchini. You will see vegetables by early spring if not
sooner depending on weather conditions. Tomato varieties such as Champion,
Glacier, Taxi and Siberia can be planted in September. By mid-to late-October,
you will be able to harvest a full crop. Pick the fruit a bit early and let
them ripen indoors.
Plant a Winter Flower Garden: Professionally landscaped
gardens are blooming all year long in Southern California. There is no reason
why backyard gardens can't do the same. Warm Septembers enable gardeners to
plant flowers for fall and winter blooms. These
include chrysanthemums, sweet peas, pansies, calendula, snapdragons and sweet
alyssum. When planting from seed, keep seedbeds moist, especially just after
planting. Mulch the soil lightly, keeping the mulch an inch away from plant
stems. Add mulch again in winter if frost is an issue. The mulch will retain
daytime heat and keep the soil warm.
Feed and Water Citrus: Citrus trees should be fed
in spring and fall. Use a fertilizer especially formulated for citrus trees.
These fertilizers include nitrogen with some phosphorous. Wilted, cupped or falling leaves could mean moisture
stress from hot winds. Make sure you water your citrus trees deeply.
Prune hedges and shrubs: After a summer of growth, hedges
and shrubs can quickly become unkempt. Prune long straggly or dying stems. This will prompt new growth before
Plant Fruit Trees: The best times to plant
fruits trees are in spring and fall. The advantages for a fall planting is that
since the tree is in dormancy, all of its energy is focused on establishing its
root system--making for a stronger tree by spring To reduce transplant shock,
dig a hole for planting at least three times the size of the plant's root ball
is wide, but only as deep as its roots. Don't plant the tree too low in the
ground to allow for some settling. Firmly pack the soil around the tree to
eliminate air pockets. Cover the soil with mulch to keep in moisture and help
moderate winter's unpredictable soil temperatures.
Labels: plant fruit trees in fall, planting fall vegetables, Southern California gardening, what to plant in fall, What to plant in September